The development of rabbits is affected not only by the quality of the food that they consume, but also by housing, so it is necessary to create and constantly maintain good conditions for the existence of animals. Cellular content is the most optimal type of rabbit breeding. In the cage, you can competently take care of animals, portion feed, carry out mating, treat if diseases arise and subsequently receive excellent young animals and products at a high level.
Hutches can be located both indoors, for example in a barn, and on the street. There are three types of cage breeding of rabbits:
- Year-round breeding indoors;
- Combined breeding (in summer – on the street, in winter – indoors);
- Year-round outdoor breeding.
It is believed that the placement of cells on the outdoor is especially beneficial for rabbits, as this contributes to the appearance of a high-quality dense hairline in rabbits, the development of immunity to diseases, and the improvement of productive qualities in females.
Features of outdoor hutches
Outdoor hutches for rabbits, as it already becomes clear from the name, are located outdoors, that is, in the open. The advantage of outdoor accommodation is a large unlimited territory on which buildings can be located. This is especially convenient when the number of rabbits exceeds 100 individuals. Also, street cages are much easier to maintain and clean. During their construction, durable and rough materials are used. The designs themselves are sufficiently stable and reliable, this is necessary to protect rabbits from adverse weather conditions, as well as from the effects of other species of animals: dogs, cats, rats.
Cells can be arranged in several rows and no more than 3 tiers up. As a rule, a canopy is installed above them so that neither direct sunlight, nor precipitation can interfere with animals. To remove manure, it’s enough to simply install an inclined roof over each cage, in which case everything will drain to the ground.
With year-round outdoor breeding of rabbits, it is important to take care of creating winter cages. Despite the fact that rabbits are able to withstand low temperatures, it is still necessary to take care of the warming of their cages, especially if in the winter period they will be fanned. The mother-child should be warm and windproof; otherwise, preservation of the offspring will most likely fail.
Winter structures can be built using railway sleepers as walls. They do not allow wind and exclude the possibility of gnawing. Layers of hay are laid on the top shield, and then all this is covered with slate. In order for the wind not to enter the cracks between the sleepers, they can be filled with mounting foam.
Usually, the cells are insulated with copious hay bedding, which must be changed every four days, it is important to ensure that the hay is free of mold, as rabbits often eat bedding. A few days before the expected okrolya, you can put a medical heating pad in the mother liquor.
One of the designs of structures for adult rabbits is a block, which includes two cells. On the sides of each cage, uterine departments with a wooden floor are arranged, on the rest of the cage – in the aft compartment, the floor is either from wooden slats or from a metal mesh. Such cells are 120 cm long and 65 cm wide. This design is the most widespread among all the others.
The length of such cells is 240 cm, and the width is 65 cm. The floor is made of wood: solid or slatted. Drinking bowls, bowls are placed on the floor inside the cells. As mother liquors, insert boxes are used. This design is used for outdoor placement of rabbits.
There is another design of cages for street keeping rabbits, it is two-tier and consists of four blocks. Each block contains 4 cells. In these cells, it is possible to place 4-5 individuals of young animals. Doors and floor are made of galvanized wire mesh, and the stack is made of plastic film. The frame is lined with plywood.
Pros and Cons of Wooden Cages
Very often, rabbit cages are made of wood. They are very convenient in construction, in addition, in the summer they protect the animal well from the heat, and in the winter from the cold, but the tree also has significant disadvantages. Wooden cells are quite heavy, they are rotten and absorb an unpleasant odor. On top of everything, they have to be updated periodically, since rabbits like to bite them.
They gnaw at wooden elements due to a lack of mineral substances, this problem can be solved if chalk and various mineral premixes are added to the animal’s diet. Also, gnawing a tree can be caused by the constant growth of incisors in the rabbit, which he needs to wash. In this case, tin strips need to be attached to all exposed wooden parts: partially to the frame, to the feeder, and to other details. In order for the rabbit to sharpen its teeth, twigs must be placed in the cage.
If you plan to lay the floor from the tree, you should put a battens on top, this will keep dry and good sanitary conditions in the cage, which in turn will positively affect the health of the animal.
A metal mesh can also be placed on the floor of the cage in order to simplify the removal of rabbit feces. It must meet special requirements. The optimal cell size is 16×48 and 18×48. In some cases, you can allow a size of 20×20. If the cells are larger, the legs of the rabbits can fail, and their attempts to free themselves will lead to injuries of the paws.
The design of the bunk cell was first implemented by I.N. Mikhailov. It is a stand-frame, upper and lower tier. If the structure is located on the street, then the roof is made of transparent or translucent materials. Thanks to such a mini-farm, even those who wish to devote only a weekend to this occupation can engage in rabbit breeding. The feeders in the cage are arranged in such a way that the animal feed, hay and root crops, which are covered in them, last for an animal for a whole week, the same goes for water.
If we talk about cleaning the cage, then here everything is as convenient as possible for rabbit breeders. Funnel-shaped shafts provide the withdrawal of waste in a special sealed container without leaving odors. So frequent cleaning will also not be required.
This structure can contain up to 25 rabbits. Below is a female with a scent, above is an offspring of grown up. In this case, the cells do not occupy a large amount of space. The mini-shed area of eight cells can be about 25 m2, given the passage of 110 cm and the gap between the cells of 70 cm.